Atomic Energy Agricultural Research Centre (AEARC) Tando Jam was formerly inaugurated on November 22, 1963 as a first institute of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission in agriculture in the province of Sindh. The main theme was to make peaceful uses of Atomic Energy in Agriculture.

It was upgraded as Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA) in 1998. At present, the institute performs its scientific activities in the disciplines of Plant Breeding & Genetics, Plant Protection, Soil Science and Plant Physiology.