SUGARCANE

Principal Investigator Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan

Sugarcane plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan as 99 % of the sugar produced in the country is obtained from this crop and only 1% from sugar beet. In Pakistan, sugarcane is grown on an area of 0.907 Mha with an average yield of 49.2 t/ha. Average yield of sugarcane in Pakistan is low as compared with other sugarcane growing countries of the world. The average sugar recovery of Pakistan is approximately 8.7% which is also one of the lowest in the world. Although a number of sugarcane varieties are being cultivated in the province of Sindh but due to the deterioration in their yield potential and resistance to insect pests over the years, there is dire need to replace these varieties with the new improved ones.

Variety NameNIA-98
Year of release1998
PedigreeNCo310 x CP56-614
BreedersDr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of OriginNIA, Tando Jam
Sowing dateSeptember
Average yield1800 mds/acre
Potential yield2300mds/acre
Seed rate40000 doubles budded sets /acre
Fertilizer applicatioN: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation20-24
Resistance against diseases / pestTolerant against insect pest
Tolerance against abiotic stressThrive well under low irrigation
Adaptation of varietySindh
Quality parameters9% recovery in Last week of December

Variety NameNIA-2004
Year of release2004
PedigreeNCo310 x CP57-614
BreedersDr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of OriginNIA, Tando Jam
Sowing dateSeptember
Average yield1300 mds/acre
Potential yield1800mds/acre
Seed rate40000 doubles budded sets /acre
Fertilizer applicationN: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation20-24
Resistance against diseases / pestTolerant against insect pest
Tolerance against abiotic stressThrive well under low irrigation
Adaptation of varietySindh
Quality parameters10% recovery in Last week of November

Variety NameNIA-2010
Year of release2011
PedigreeCP67-1026
BreedersDr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of OriginNIA, Tando Jam
Sowing dateSeptember
Average yield1800 mds/acre
Potential yield2500mds/acre
Seed rate40000 doyble budded setts /acre
Fertilizer applicationN: 120kg/hec P: 90kg/hec K: 90kg/hec
No. of Irrigation20-24
Resistance against diseases / pestTolerant against insect pest
Tolerance against abiotic stressTherive well under low irrigation
Adaptation of varietySindh
Quality parameters10% recovery in Last week of December

Variety NameNIA-2011
Year of releaseRegistered at FS & RD 2011
PedigreeAEC81-0819 First somaclone developed through in vitro mutagenesis
BreedersDr. Imtiaz Ahmed Khan
Centre of OriginNIA, Tando Jam
Sowing dateSeptember
Average yield1600 mds/acre
Potential yield2000 mds/acre
Seed rate80-100 mds/acre
Fertilizer applicationNPK 110:80:110
No. of Irrigation22
Resistance against diseases / pestresistant against rust and tolerant against borer
Tolerance against abiotic stressdrouht tolerant
Adaptation of varietywell adopted in Sindh climate
Quality parameters11% recovery in month of Nov.
April 2021
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