CROPS



LENTIL

Principal Investigator Mohammad Aquil Siddiqui



Pakistan is one of the major lentil growing countries of south Asia. It is grown as a winter crop on an area of about 33,900 hectare with a total production of 17900 tons annually. In Sindh, lentil is an important winter pulse crop grown on an area of about 4,800 ha, with an annual production of 3000 tons and grain yield of about 625 kg/ha. Success in genetic improvement of lentil has been very limited mainly due to a narrow genetic base and extreme specificity of adaptation, which leads to the use of ineffective exotic germplasm. In Sindh, lentil is grown in districts of Hyderabad, Thatha, Dadu, Larkana, Jacobabad, Sukhar, Sanghar, Nawabshah and Mirpur Khas. However, the yield is very low which may be ascribed to low yield potential of the existing varieties and susceptibility to different diseases such as Ascochita blight, rust, wilt, root rot and stem rot.



Variety Name NIA-Masoor-05
Year of release 2006
Pedigree Masoor-85 Gamma rays 200Gy (Source Co60
Breeders J.A.Fazal Ali, K.A.Jaffri and N.A.Shaikh
Centre of Origin NIA-Tandojam
Sowing date 10 November to 10 December
Average yield 1304 kg/ha
Potential yield 2956 kg/ha
Seed rate 8 kg/acre by drill, 10 kg/acre by chatta
Fertilizer application DAP 50-75kg/acre, Urea 10kg/acre
No. of Irrigation Only soaking dose
Resistance against diseases / pest Resistant against rust and blight diseases
Tolerance against abiotic stress resistance to lodging and water stress
Adaptation of variety Sindh
Quality parameters Protein 20.38%